The Arxiu del Regne de Mallorca was originated in 1851 with the name of Arxiu Històric de les Balears. The archive has a volume of documentation of 7,000 meters of shelving and is considered the most important of the Balearic Islands. The documentary set corresponds to the main public institutions since the conquest of King Jaume I. It also contains some funds sent from the other islands of the archipelago and documents of a semi-public and private nature or origin -entities, companies, families, individuals, etc.- that provide valuable complementary information to those of an official nature.
The documentary fund of the Balearic Government is essential for understanding the contemporary history of the Balearic Islands. The breadth of the fund in such diverse subjects as public order, education, industry, agriculture, trade, health, culture, public works, tourism, etc., and also in matters of local administration give an idea of the importance of its documentation. Within this fund can be found a good representation of the societies of fishermen, sailors and other industries of the sea on the islands of Mallorca and Ibiza-Formentera between the years 1834-1983.